|Popular Magazines||Scholarly Journals|
|Intended for a general audience;
no special knowledge is required.
|Intended for an audience knowledgeable of the scholarly field.|
|Articles written by journalists with no special training in the field; usually only the author name is listed, if anything.||Articles written by scholars;
usually hold a graduate degree in the field; author is listed along with position or credentials.
|Articles do not have footnotes.||Articles have footnotes.|
|Publication usually has advertising, color photographs, and glossy pages.||Little if any advertising or splashy photographs;
usually printed on plain paper.
|Little editorial information.||A full editorial board is listed.|
|Articles are not peer-reviewed.||Articles are peer-reviewed (editor sends copies of a submitted article to experts in the field for their judgment).|
|Usually for profit.||Usually not for profit.|
|May have slant (conservative, liberal).||Usually neutral (no slant).|